Did you know that a kitchen sponge can be 200 thousand times dirtier than a toilet seat? Salmonella and E. coli are often found on its surface. To protect ourselves from unpleasant surprises, we have collected the most common mistakes that are made every day in the kitchen.
We value health and believe that it largely depends on our habits. Of course, it is not worthwhile to bring matters to the point of absurdity, but knowing the potential risk zones will not be superfluous for anyone.
1. Try food to see if it has gone bad.
Different products are spoiled in different ways, and, unfortunately, there is no exact recipe. Often we focus on the taste, appearance and smell of food, but this way it is impossible to detect all the harmful bacteria. Therefore, stick to the rule: if the freshness of food or ready-made food gives you a little doubt, it is better to throw it away immediately.After all, even a small amount of spoiled food is enough to cause serious poisoning.
2. Defrost food right on the table.
Never place raw meat, poultry or seafood and cooked food nearby - this can lead to cross contamination. Harmful germs from raw meat can quickly spread to ready-to-eat meals and cause serious poisoning. Use separate knives, boards and dishes for raw and ready-to-eat foods.
Do not thaw food in the oven - with this method, bacteria multiply rapidly, the range of 4–60 ° C is ideal for them. It is best to defrost food, putting them on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator, placing in cold water or in a microwave oven in a special mode.
3. Wash raw meat
If there is no obvious trace of contamination on the meat, do not wash it. PAlong with a stream of water, bacteria from meat fall on the sink, countertop and other kitchen surfaces. This is quite dangerous, because bacteria can easily get into your plates. Wash thoroughly before cooking or eating only raw fruits and vegetables.
4. Cool food for a long time before putting it in the fridge.
Do not leave food on the table for more than 2 hours or 1 hour if the temperature in the room is above 32 ° C. Pathogenic bacteria in perishable foods multiply rapidly at a temperature of 4 to 60 ° C. Always refrigerate foods in the refrigerator, putting them in a container. If you are on the road, limited in time or going on a picnic, put the perishable food in the cooler bag.
5. Try raw meat products
You should not eat raw eggs in any form and try raw meat during cooking. In them dangerous bacteria or other harmful microorganisms may be present. Observe the cooking mode of all dishes and do not try mixtures and products that obviously contain raw or undercooked eggs.
7. Use marinade from raw meat with ready-made food.
Do not use the same marinade for raw meat and prepared food. Do not leave raw meat, fish or seafood to marinate on the table, it is better to put them in the fridge. If you are slicing pickled meat on the tabletop, harmful microbes can multiply rapidly at room temperature. Use a separate board.
8. Undercook meat, fish and eggs
You can be confident in the safety of cooked food only after it has been heated to a sufficiently high internal temperature at which harmful bacteria die. Always check food availability with a kitchen thermometer. is the only reliable way to determine the safety of a cooked meal. You should not completely rely on sight, smell or taste in such an important matter.
9. Do not change the sponges in time.
According to the study, in the whole house there is no object dirtier than a kitchen sponge. They contain the largest number of active bacteria, including such dangerous ones as E. coli and Salmonella. The best way to protect yourself is to handle a sponge in the microwave after each dishwashing and change it every week.
10. Dine on the couch
If you like to get settled with a plate of your favorite dish on the couch while watching a movie, then you run the risk of constantly experiencing heartburn. If you eat incorrectly, the food along with sour gastric juice may partially fall back into the esophagus and cause a burning sensation. The best way to avoid this is to be upright after eating for at least 1 hour. Overeating, leaning forward and lifting weights after eating also contribute to heartburn.
11. Keep the milk in the wrong place.
All dairy products - sour cream, yogurt, kefir, milk - should be stored on the shelves of the refrigerator, and not on the door. It is worth remembering that the temperature on the shelves is lower, so milk-based products there deteriorate more slowly.
Did you know that these habits are dangerous to health?